Augustine WOLFF

06.06.1901 - 05.08.1944 | Birth: | Arrest: | Residence:

Augustine WOLFF, born WITTGENSTEIN 

The “Convoy 77” project, in collaboration with the European Union. 

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Birth 

Augustine Wolff, maiden name Wittgenstein, was born on June 6, 1901[1] in Duisburg, in the Ruhrort district of Germany[1]. She was a German citizen[1]. 

 

Life before the war 

Augustine’s parents were Eugene Wittgenstein and Berthe Bluhm [2], who were both tradespeople. They were devout people who lived according to the Mosaic faith and, since they lived in the Duisburg region, were German nationals [2]. 

On April 12, 1929 in Bochum, Germany [3], Augustine married Siegfried Wolff, a German photographer who was born on November 10, 1897 and died in 1979Siegfried’s parents, Maurice Wolff and Frédérique Hanau, were German [4]. His mother, Frédérique, was born on December 21, 1873 in Nalbachin the Saarland region, and was murdered on November 11, 1942 in Auschwitz [18]. Siegfried was the brother of Emmy Wolff, born on June 23, 1899, who was deported and killed in Auschwitz [4] at the same time as Augustine. Siegfried opened a photography studio and laboratory in Lyon in 1933 [5] and retired in 1963 [5]. He had two children with Augustine: Marianne Wolff, born on July 21, 1931, and Pierre Wolff, born on August 6, 1935 [6]. Pierre lived on rue du Capitaine, where he ran a store with his wife, Michèle Wolff, until 1995 [5]. Augustine’s sister, Ella Mayer, née Wittgenstei, lives in Chile, at Avenida Holanda Santiago De Chile [7]. According to Pierre Wolff, she is just one of Augustine’s many sisters. 

 

Arrival and residence in France 

When Augustine arrived in France in November 1933 [4], she moved into 26, rue du Capitaine, in the 3rd district of Lyon [6]. However, according to the Statute of Deportees and Political Internees and Mr. Robin, she only lived in Lyon as of September 1, 1939 [8]. 

 

The arrest 

Augustine Wolff was arrested on June 28, 1944 by the Gestapo, after having been denounced by neighbors at her home at 26, rue du Capitaine [9] on grounds of her raceIndeed, the motive given for her arrest was that she was Jewish [9]. After she was arrested, she was interned at Montluc Prison [10], near Lyon. She remained there from the day of her arrest until July 8, 1944, the day she was transferred to the Drancy transit camp. She was therefore interned in Drancy, located northeast of Paris, between July 8 and 31, 1944. On July 31, 1944, she was deported on the last of the large convoys of Jews to leave Drancy, Convoy No. 77 [11]. Augustine was deported together with avec Emmy Wolff [21] and arrived on August 5, 1944 at the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp in Poland [4]. 

Her deportee card number was 211501481 [12]. 

 

Several witnesses, such as MsChéron [13], Mr. J.Robin [14], Alliod Marthe [15] and Marguerite Alt [15] attest to having witnessed the arrest of Augustine and Emmy WolffIsic Fischer, born on April 10, 1907 in Sarograd, Ukraine, came to France in 1927 and was qualified as a doctor. He was declared as such at the Prefecture of Lyon on 01/10/1934 [19]. Isic was also arrested in Lyon, at 7, rue de l’Université [16] on June 22, 1944, he too was deported on Convoy 77 [16] and said that he saw Augustine and Emmy Wollf 20] at the Drancy transit camp. He was one of the people who survived the concentration camps [19]. 

Pierre Wolff, Augustine’s son, was not a direct witness to the events but he was able to give us a lot of important information verbally. 

Deportation 

Augustine Wolff was murdered on August 5, 1944 in Auschwitz, Poland, when the deportation convoy arrived [17]. She was presumably killed in the gas chambers shortly after her arrival at the camp due to her physical condition, which had undoubtedly deteriorated during the journey. 

 

Sources: 

[1] : Document confirming that Augustine ” Died in Deportation ” from the Ministry of Veterans Affairs and War Victims, September 26th, 2002. 

[2] : Augustine Wittgenstein’s birth certificate (French translation) 

[3] : Marriage certificate of Augustine Wittgenstein and Siegfried Wolff 

[4] : Minutes of proceedings about Siegfried Wolff, Ministry of the Interior, November 23, 1949 

[5] : http://montchatdu20au21.canalblog.com/archives/2019/02/28/37101060.html 

[6] : Document concerning the application for the title of Political Deportee 

[7] : Response to a request for information by the International Tracing Service 

[8] : Status of deportees and political internees, review sheet 

[9] : Witness statements of Alliod MartheJ.Robin and Marguerite Alt 

[10] : Notice addressed to the Registry Office of the Directorate of Civil Status and Research 

[11] : Missing person certificate for Augustine Wolff, dated January 241950 

[12] : Department of Veterans Affairs and Victims of War checklist 

[13] : Witness statement of March 161952 

[14] : Witness statement of February 181952 

[15] : Attestation 

[16] : http://www.convoi77.org/les-deportes/liste-alphabetique-des-deportes-du-convoi-77-2-2/ 

[17] : Extract from the Lyon City Hall death register 

[18] : Dr. Peter Wettmann-Jungblut of the Landesarchiv Saarland 

[19] : http://ressources.memorialdelashoah.org/notice.php?q=identifiant_origine:(FRMEMSH040870789296) 

[20] : Carnet de fouille du Camp de Drancy, http://ressources.memorialdelashoah.org/zoom.php?code=1021008&q=id:p_258749&marginMin=0&marginMax=0&curPage=0 

[21] : Original deportation list of the convoy, http://ressources.memorialdelashoah.org/zoom.php?code=70489&q=id:p_258749&marginMin=0&marginMax=0&curPage=0 

[22] : Minutes dated September 12, 1950, https://www.flacsu.fr/mes-histoires-familiales-g%C3%A9 %C3%A9alogie-et-histoire/les-flacsu-venus-de-roumanie/roland-flacsu-d%C3%A9port%C3%A9-%C3%A0-auschwitz/ 

 

Contributor(s) 

11th grade students at the Cité Scolaire Internationale High School in Lyon, with the guidance of their history and geography teacher, Frédéric Fouletier. 

Augustine WOLFF née le 6 juin 1901 déportée de Drancy le 31 juillet 1944 par le convoi n°77.

Contributor(s)

la classe de première de la Cité Scolaire Internationale de Lyon, sous direction de leur professeur d'Histoire-Géographie, Frédéric Fouletier
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