Translated from the biography established by the AFMD (Friends of the Foundation for the Memory of Deportation from the Allier Department):
Lazare (Léon) BRAUN
Lazare (Léon) BRAUN was born on February 16, 1913 in Warsaw, Poland. He was the son of Majer/Meyer BRAUN and Ruchla/Rachel née KRZYP/TCHIPOFF and he had a brother Joseph.
He was a mechanic living at n° 4 Boulevard Magenta in Paris’s 10th district. He enlisted for the duration of the war on May 7, 1940 with the Paris Quartermaster of the Foreign Legion under the I.D. n° 1940/15761. He declared his profession as kitchen aid and was then living at n° 24 rue Chaptal in Paris’s 9th district. He was incorporated into the 23rd Provisional Regiment of Foreign Volunteers in the French Army.
(Source for the above document: Union of the Children and Friends of the Jewish Volunteer War Veterans)
On August 26, 1940 he was sent to the demobilization Center in Caussade (Tarn-et-Garonne department). He indicated that he went first to Toulouse for a time, and then to the Boulevard des États-Unis in Vichy (Allier department), where he arrived on September 26, 1940.
According to the police inspector’s report dated August 5, 1941, “he was subject to an expulsion order issued by the Minister of the Interior on January 21, 1936, delivered to the individual concerned in Paris on July 7, 1936. But up to this day he has always obtained postponements”.
He was repertoried as a foreign Jew in Vichy under the terms of the French state’s Anti-Semitic Law of June 2, 1941.
(Source: Departmental Archives of the Allier department 756 W 1)
A chauffeur for the American Embassy, he resided at n° 37 rue de Givois in Vichy.
He was interned with this brother Joseph, first in the prison at Cusset (Allier department), then at la Mal-Coiffée, a German military prison in Moulins (Allier), before being transferred on July 15, 1944 to Drancy, where he was attributed I.D. n° 25157.
On July 31, 1944 he was deported from Drancy to Auschwitz in convoy n° 77.
(Source: Source for the document below: Mémorial de la Shoah C 77_8)
In Le Mémorial de la Déportation des Juifs de France, Serge Klarsfeld writes about convoy n° 77: “The number of deportees was 1300. This convoy 77 (…) hauled toward the Auschwitz gas chambers more than 300 children under the age of 18. (…) 291 men were selected with I.D. numbers B 3673 to B 3963; the same for 283 women (A 16457 to A 16739). In 1945 there were 209 survivors, of whom 141 were women”.
He died during the Shoah, according to Yad Vashem.
– Archivesof the Allier Department 1289 W 66, 756 W 1, 762 W 53,
– Archives of the Foreign Legion Command
– Contemporary Jewish Documentation Center, Mémorial de la Shoah C 77_8,
– Klarsfeld, Serge: List of the transfers to Drancy on July 15, 1944
– Klarsfeld, Serge: Memorial to the Jews Deported from France/1942-1944 1978
– Union of Volunteer Jewish War Veterans, Children and Friends