Translated from the biography established by the AFMD (Friends of the Foundation for the Memory of Deportation from the Allier Department):
Florence Loeb Marx was born on November 21, 1876 at Niederbronn-les-Bains in the Alsatian department of the Bas-Rhin. She was the daughter of Aron LOEB and Françoise née HEMMERDINGER.
Florence and her husband, Simon Marx, left Strasbourg, where they lived at n° 19 Boulevard Clemenceau, to seek refuge in Lapalisse (Allier department), where they lived in the hamlet of Le Petit Paris. There they were joined by their son Albert.
They were repertoried in Lapalisse as French Jews under the terms of the French state’s Anti-Semitic Law of June 2, 1941.
(Source of the first photo below : Departmental archives of the Allier department 756 W 1)
Her husband Simon was admitted to the Lapalisse Hospital and died there on June 1, 1942.
She was listed in 1943 by the French state as a French Jew.
(Source of the second photo below : Departmental archives of the Allier Department 996 W 778 W 112)
She and her son were arrested in the roundup of June 30, 1944 organized in Lapalisse by the collaborator Georges Jany BATISSIER alias Capitaine SCHMIDT. They were interned at the Mal-Coiffée German military prison in Moulins and transferred on July 15, 1944 to Drancy, where Florence was attributed the I.D. n° 25145.
They were deported on July 31, 1944 from Drancy to Auschwitz in convoy n° 77.
(Source for the third photo below : Mémorial de la Shoah C77_41)
In Le Mémorial de la Déportation des Juifs de France, Serge Klarsfeld writes about convoy n° 77: “The number of deportees was 1300. This convoy 77 (…) hauled toward the Auschwitz gas chambers more than 300 children under the age of 18. (…) 291 men were selected with I.D. numbers B 3673 to B 3963; the same for 283 women (A 16457 to A 16739). In 1945 there were 209 survivors, of whom 141 were women”.
She died on August 5, 1944 at Auschwitz according the public records of Niederbronn-les-Bains and the Journal Officiel n° 9 of January 11, 1995.
“Died in deportation” according to the decree of the War Veterans Ministry, dated November 10, 1994, published in the Journal Officiel n° 9 of January 11, 1995.
– Archives of the Liier Department 1864 W 1, 756 W 1, 996 W 123.02, 1756 W 2 N° 14456, 996 W 778 W 112,
– Municipal archives of Lapalisse
– Conemporary Jewish Documentation Center
– Public Records Office of Niederbronn-les-Bains (Bas-Rhin department) and of Lapalisse (Allier department)
– Klarsfeld, Serge: Memorial to the Jews Deported from France : 1942-1944 1978
– MemorialGenWeb Internet site
– yadvashem.org Testimonial