Translated from the biography established by the AFMD (Friends of the Foundation for the Memory of Deportation from the Allier Department):
Henri SAMUEL is also called Henoch Samuel, by his Hebraîc first name.
Henri Samuel was born on May 11, 1888 at Weiterswiller in the Alsatian department of the Bas-Rhin. He was the son of Abraham Samuel and Elise née LEHMANN, and he was married to Palmyre née LÉVY.
He was a horse dealer living in Haguenau (Bas Rhin).
Expelled from the Bas-Rhin in June, 1940, he sought refuge with his family in Lapalisse (Allier department), where they lived first on the rue Traversière, and then on the Route Nationale.
They were repertoried as French Jews in Lapalisse under the terms of the French state’s Anti-Semitic Law of June 2, 1941.
(Source for the above document: Departmental archives of the Allier department 756 W 1)
He was listed by the French state in 1943 as a French Jew.
(Source for the document below: Departmental archives of the Allier department 996 W 778 W 112)
He was arrested with his wife in the roundup by the German police on June 30, 1944 and interned in the Mal-Coiffée German military prison in Moulins (Allier department).
They were transferred on July 15, 1944 to Drancy, where he was attributed I.D. n° 25170.
They were deported on July 31, 1944 from Drancy to Auschwitz in convoy n° 77.
(The document below is an extract from the list of convoy n° 77. Source: Mémorial de la Shoah C 77_52.)
In Le Mémorial de la Déportation des Juifs de France, Serge Klarsfeld writes about convoy n° 77: “The number of deportees was 1300. This convoy 77 (…) hauled toward the Auschwitz gas chambers more than 300 children under the age of 18. (…) 291 men were selected with I.D. numbers B 3673 to B 3963; the same for 283 women (A 16457 to A 16739). In 1945 there were 209 survivors, of whom 141 were women”.
He died on August 5, 1944 at Auschwitz according to the Weiterswiller public records and the Journal Officiel n° 115 of May 19, 1998.
Note: His brother-in-law, Paul LÉVY, his sister-in-law Elvire, and his niece Jacqueline were also arrested in the same roundup.
“Died in deportation” according to the decree of the State Secretariat for War Veterans dated February 24, 1998, published in the Journal Officiel n° 115 of May 19, 1998.
– Archives of the Allier Department 1864 W 1, 756 W 1, 996 W 123.02, 996 W 778 W 112,
– Municipal archives of Lapalisse
– Contemporary Jewish Documentation Center
– Public Records Office of Weiterswiller (Bas-Rhin department)
– Klarsfeld, Serge: List of the transfers to Drancy on July 15, 1944
– Klarsfeld, Serge: Memorial to the Jews Deported from France : 1942-1944 1978
– MemorialGenWeb Internet site
– yadvashem.org Testimonial