Reine SCHWARTZ née LEVY

1898 - 1944 | Birth: | Arrest: | Residence: ,

Photo from family archive.

Translated from the biography established by the AFMD (Friends of the Foundation for the Memory of Deportation from the Allier Department):

Reine SCHWARTZ

Reine Lévy Schwartz was born on September 5, 1898 at Odratzheim in the Alsatian department of the Bas-Rhin. She was the daughter of Jacques LÉVY and Pauline née ISAAC. She wed Léopold SCHWARTZ on October 28, 1919 at Odratzheim (Bas-Rhin), and they had two daughters, Raymonde and Odette.  They lived at n° 6 Boulevard de Nancy in Strasbourg (Bas-Rhin).

They took refuge in Lapalisse (Allier department) in June 1940, living on the rue du 11 novembre.

They were repertoried as French Jews in Lapalisse under the terms of the French state’s Anti-Semitic Law of June 2, 1941.

 

(Source for the document below: Departmental archives of the Allier department 756 W 1)

 

Léopold and Reine were arrested in the roundup in Lapalisse on June 30, 1944 and interned in the Mal-Coiffée German military prison in Moulins (Allier department), whence they were transferred on July 15, 1944 to Drancy. Léopold was attributed I.D. n° 25164 and Reine n° 25165.

They were deported on July 31, 1944 from Drancy to Auschwitz in convoy n° 77.

 

The document below is an extract from the list of convoy n° 77. Source : Mémorial de la Shoah C 77_54)

 

In  Le Mémorial de la Déportation des Juifs de France, Serge Klarsfeld writes about convoy n° 77: “The number of deportees was 1300. This convoy 77 (…) hauled toward the Auschwitz gas chambers more than 300 children under the age of 18. (…) 291 men were selected with I.D. numbers B 3673 to B 3963; the same for 283 women (A 16457 to A 16739). In 1945 there were 209 survivors, of whom 141 were women”.

She died on August 5, 1944 at Auschwitz, Poland according to the Odratzheim and Lapalisse public records and the Journal Officiel n° 1 of January 2, 2001.

“Died for France”

“Died in deportation” according to the decree of the State Defense Secretariat in charge of Veterans Affairs dated September 6, 2000, published in the Journal Officiel n° 1 of January 2, 2001.

You can read a more complete biography under SCHWARTZ Léopold.

Sources:

– Archives of the Allier Department  756 W 1, 1864 W 1, 996 W 123.02,

– Family archives

– Municipal Archives of Lapalisse

– Contemporary Jewish Documentation Center

– Public Records Office of Lapalisse (Allier department), Odratzheim (Bas-Rhin department ) et Westhofen (Bas-Rhin department)

– Klarsfeld, Serge: List of transfers to Drancy

– Klarsfeld, Serge: Memorial to the Jews Deported from France: 1942-1944 1978

MemorialGenWeb  Internet site

SCHWARTZ Reine Archives Departementales Allier Liste Juifs
SCHWARTZ Reine Memorial Shoah Convoi 77 liste
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